Protected Environment in Fernando de Noronha

Protected Environment in Fernando de Noronha
In October 1988 the Government of the State of Pernambuco received the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, which was reintegrated to this State according to the new Constitution.
Considering the different occupations the archipelago has had during the years it was under custody of the Union, many interventions were made, not only on the constructed patrimony, by disregarding the old constructions and using prefabricated houses, but also by the introduction of plants, animals and by the occupation of big areas for residence purposes.

The fear that the area outside the National Marine Reserve, which was established few days before the archipelago was reintegrated to the State of Pernambuco, could be submitted to bigger damages and the wish to develop studies aiming the rational use of this area, led to the establishment of the Environmental Protected Area - EPA by the State Decree no. 13.555/89 in April 7, 1989. This decree stipulated that the area should be used as a residential space, as a space for multiple activities and as a special preservation zone.

Trails in the Environmental Protected Area of Fernando de Noronha

1. Jardim Elizabeth trail - it begins in the Remédios Village and goes through intense vegetation areas, a remainder of the "vegetable gardens" established by the Dutch in the XVII century for plant acclimatization. It ends in the Sant'Ana Park, above the Cachorro beach.
2. Costa Azul trail - it begins in the Remédios Village and goes through some beaches of the "inside sea". It exceeds the limits of the Pico mount and ends at the Boldró beach.
3. Costa Esmeralda trail - it begins in the São Pedro do Boldró Fort and goes through other beaches and bays of the "inside sea". It ends at the access to the Porcos bay.

World Heritage Site


For its special conditions, on December 13, 2001 the UNESCO granted the title of one of the World Heritage Sites to the archipelago. The title was handed over to the Governor of the State of Pernambuco on December 27, 2002.
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